During the regime of Pratap Singh the actual work of establishing a small town at village 'Doderiya-ka-Kheda', started in 1699 AD. It was he, who developed the main market (Sadar Bazar) first of all. A detailed and proper planning was done before starting the construction work. As per the plans, it was decided to build 3 main Markets, 52 Streets, some Hindu temples, etc. in the first instance.
One of the successors of Pratap singh, Gopal Singh took over the reins of the Pratapgarh in 1721. He developed the 'Gopalgunj Mohalla' during his regime. His son Saalim Singh continued the construction work further and developed the 'Saalampura-Mohalla' and founded a new village called 'Saalamgarh' little away from the main town. It was during his rule that Pratapgarh was cordoned off by building up city's fort-walls on all the sides. There were 8 gates of entry provided during that time. Bigger gates were named as 'Sooraj-pole', 'Bhatpura-Baaree', 'Dewaliya-Darwaazaa' and 'Dhamottar-Darwaazaa'. The smaller ones were called 'Taalab Baaree' and 'Qilaa Baaree'. All of these were manned by armed security guards during the day and were closed in the night. Tukoji, the chief of Army of Malhar Rao Holkar attacked on Pratapgarh in 1761, but could not succeed to overpower it, nor could he get any ransom.
Mughal and British Era
Pratapgarh remained to a large extent unaffected during the Mughal era. At that time the state of Pratapgarh used to pay a ransom of Rs. 15,000 annually to the Delhi-rulers. Saalim Singh obtained written permission from the then Mughal king Shah Alam II to introduce a local currency for his state and named it as Saalimshahi-Sikka (coin), which was made in local mints (Pratapgarh-Taksal). In 1763, Malhar Rao Holkar (16 March 1693 – 20 May 1766), while proceeding towards Udaipur, extorted some amount from Saalim Singh, who later also sent his troops to assist Ari Singh, the ruler of Mewar, when some local 'Sardaars' revolted against him in 1768.
The period of Raja Gopal Singh, between 1827 and 1864 was an epoch of turmoil and political instability in Pratapgarh. Since the early times the major area, especially the north-western part of this region had very dense forests, a separate state forest department in 1828, was created to manage state's exceptionally rich forest wealth. In 1865 Uday Singh became the Raja, who introduced some reforms, established civil courts, started relief works during the notorious Great Famine of 1876-78, opened fair price shops for the citizens and also exempted certain civilian taxes. Uday Singh built a new palace in Pratapgarh for himself in the year 1867 AD more or less on the lines of those built by the Britishers and started living there.
A Municipal Committee was formed in 1893 AD in the capital town during the regime of Raghunath Singh. During this period the Mandsaur-Pratapgarh road was also constructed connecting Central Province with Rajputana. A separate customs department was established. New post offices were opened, administrative departments were reorganized. Slowly the legal machinery started getting developed and three levels of courts- The Deewani Court, The Zila Court, and The High Court started functioning from Pratapgarh.
Just after the independence of India in 1947, a princely state of Pratapgarh accepted the offer of then Home Minister Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel to join Indian State on a condition that Pratapgarh must be declared as a newly independent district in Rajasthan. Pratapgarh remained as an independent district between 1948 and 1952, however, due to the reconstitution of district boundaries, Pratapgarh became part of the Nimbahera district and then of Chittorgarh.
After a long struggle of 56 years, Pratapgarh got the honour of being a district. On 26th January, 2008 Smt. Vasundhara Raje, the then Chief Minister of Rajasthan, announced Pratapgarh to be a 33rd independent district of Rajasthan. Pratapgarh, Arnod and Chhoti Sadri tehsils from Chittorgarh district, Peepal Khoont from Banswara district and Dhariyawad from Udaipur district were unified together to form this new district. Significant progress in all spheres of economic-socio-cultural life is noticeable after 2008. However, much is to done in creating essential infra-structural facilities and overall literacy.